Difference between revisions of "Étienne Polverel"

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'''Étienne Polveral''' ''(also "Étienne Polverel")'' (died in Paris 1795) – Arrived in [[Le Cap]] aboard the ''America'' as a Civil Commissioner to [[Saint-Domingue]] on [[September 17, 1792]], along with [[Léger Félicité Sonthonax]] and [[Jean-Antoine Ailhaud]]. ([[Avengers of the New World|Dubois]], p. 142)  Polverel was given charge of the West, and when Ailhaud abandoned his post, he took responsibility for the South as well. ([[The Making of Haiti|Fick]], p. 315 n3)
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'''Étienne Polveral''' ''(also "Étienne Polverel")'' (1742 Beam, France - 1795 Paris) – Arrived in [[Le Cap]] aboard the ''America'' as a Civil Commissioner to [[Saint-Domingue]] on [[September 17, 1792]], along with [[Léger Félicité Sonthonax]] and [[Jean-Antoine Ailhaud]]. ([[Avengers of the New World|Dubois]], p. 142)  Polverel was given charge of the West, and when [[Ailhaud]] abandoned his post, he took responsibility for the South as well. ([[The Making of Haiti|Fick]], p. 315 n3)
  
 
When Polveral's son was seized as a hostage, [[François_Galbaud_du_Fort |General Galbaud]] proposed to exchange the boy for the general's brother, [[César Galbaud]], who had been taken prisoner by the Commissioners. ([[Written In Blood|Heinl]], p. 56)  Polveral replied: "I adore my son, but he cannot be exchanged for the life of a traitor.  Please do not refer to this matter again." ([[This Gilded African|Parkinson]], p. 68)
 
When Polveral's son was seized as a hostage, [[François_Galbaud_du_Fort |General Galbaud]] proposed to exchange the boy for the general's brother, [[César Galbaud]], who had been taken prisoner by the Commissioners. ([[Written In Blood|Heinl]], p. 56)  Polveral replied: "I adore my son, but he cannot be exchanged for the life of a traitor.  Please do not refer to this matter again." ([[This Gilded African|Parkinson]], p. 68)
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Polveral followed his fellow commisioners [[Sonthonax]] August 29, 1793 proclamation abolishing slavery in the North of [[Saint-Domingue]] ([http://web.upmf-grenoble.fr/Haiti/proclamation_1793.htm French text]) two weeks later, in September 1793, by a similar decree, thus abolishing slavery in the rest of the colony.
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Étienne Polveral was a lawyer, and was appointed a French public prosecutor in 1791.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 12:05, 7 November 2005

Étienne Polveral (also "Étienne Polverel") (1742 Beam, France - 1795 Paris) – Arrived in Le Cap aboard the America as a Civil Commissioner to Saint-Domingue on September 17, 1792, along with Léger Félicité Sonthonax and Jean-Antoine Ailhaud. (Dubois, p. 142) Polverel was given charge of the West, and when Ailhaud abandoned his post, he took responsibility for the South as well. (Fick, p. 315 n3)

When Polveral's son was seized as a hostage, General Galbaud proposed to exchange the boy for the general's brother, César Galbaud, who had been taken prisoner by the Commissioners. (Heinl, p. 56) Polveral replied: "I adore my son, but he cannot be exchanged for the life of a traitor. Please do not refer to this matter again." (Parkinson, p. 68)

Polveral followed his fellow commisioners Sonthonax August 29, 1793 proclamation abolishing slavery in the North of Saint-Domingue (French text) two weeks later, in September 1793, by a similar decree, thus abolishing slavery in the rest of the colony.

Étienne Polveral was a lawyer, and was appointed a French public prosecutor in 1791.

See also

References

  • Dubois, Laurent. (2004). Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01304-2.
  • Parkinson, Wenda (1978). This Gilded African. London: Quartet Books. ISBN 0-7043-2187-4
  • Fick, Carolyn E. (1990). The Making of Haiti: The Saint Domingue Revolution from Below. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 0-87049-667-0.