1790

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1789 < 1790 > 1791


Portrait of Vincent Ogé.
In 1790 the Saint-Domingue affranchis planter Julien Raimond succeeded for the first time in making the issue of racial equality into the leading colonial question before the French National Assembly.

Around 1790, Africans made up two thirds of the slave population in Saint-Domingue. (Casimir)

October

  • On October 23 Vincent Ogé lands near Le Cap. He had returned to Saint-Domingue with weapons and ammunition purchased with the help of Thomas Clarkson in order to start a revolt.

November

  • In November Blanchelande becomes the Governor General of Saint-Domingue, succeeding Louis Antoine Thomassin, comte de Peynier after his death. He will remain in his post until 1792. He was excetuted in 1793 in Paris for his failure to stem the growing tide of the Haitian Revolution. (Carlyle Volume III. The Guillotine. Book 3.IV. Terror. Chapter 3.4.VI. Risen against Tyrants)
  • On November 20 the mulatto rebel Vincent Ogé and 23 of his associates, including Jean Baptiste Chavannes, are captured in Hinche, then part of the Spanish controlled part of the island.


References

  • Carlyle, Thomas. (1837). The French Revolution. Available as Project Gutenberg: e-text.
  • Casmir, H. E. Jean, Ambassador of the Republic of Haiti to the United States, 1991-1997. Featured address: "From Saint-Domingue to Haiti: Vivre de nouveau ou vivre enfin." The Haitian Revolution: Viewed 200 Years After, an International Scholarly Conference. John Carter Brown Library, Providence, RI. June 17, 2004.