Difference between revisions of "1791"

From TLP
Jump to: navigation, search
m (June: fixed link)
m (added Romaine-la-Prophétesse)
 
(19 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[image:esclaves_en_marronage.gif|right|thumb|340px|''Affiches Americaines'', Saint-Domingue<br>'''May 11, 1791''' newspaper article mentioning four maroons]]'''1791''' is the year of the [[vodou]] ceremonies at [[Bois Caïman]] and the start of the [[Boukman Rebellion]]. And Michel Etienne Descourtilz gives a French version of the events in the ''[[History of the Disasters in Saint-Domingue]]''.
+
'''[[1790]] < 1791 > [[1792]]'''
  
  
 +
[[image:villaret de joyeuse_II.jpg|left|thumb|100px|[[Villaret de Joyeuse]].]][[image:esclaves_en_marronage.gif|right|thumb|330px|''Affiches Americaines'', Saint-Domingue<br>'''May 11, 1791''' newspaper article mentioning four [[maroons]].]] [[image:cap_francais_fires_1791.jpg|right|thumb|330px|Cap-Français (today [[Le Cap]]) in flames  during the fighting of '''1791''').]]
 +
'''1791''' is the year of the [[vodou]] ceremonies at [[Bois Caïman]] and the start of the [[Boukman Rebellion]]. And Michel Etienne Descourtilz gives a French version of the events in the ''[[History of the Disasters in Saint-Domingue]]''. It is in that year that many of the important figures of the Haitian Revolution join together and begin the fight for freedom from [[slavery]].
 +
 +
In '''1791''' the French Admiral [[Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse]] <small>{{fn|1}}</small>, who had just been  given the command of the frigate ''La Prudente'', was sent on a mission to transport French troops to [[Saint-Domingue]]. Arriving shortly before the breakout of the Boukman Rebellion that launched the Haitian Revolution, he then helped governor [[Blanchelande]] to transport troops around the French colony.
 +
 +
In the summer of '''1791''' [[Romaine-la-Prophétesse]] starts his insurrection in in the plain of Léogâne it will ind in March of [[1792]].
  
 
==February==
 
==February==
* The [[mulatto]] rebel [[Vincent Ogé]] was executed by the French on '''February 6, 1791''' after a failed revolt.
+
* The [[mulatto]] rebel [[Vincent Ogé]] was executed by the French on '''February 6''' after a failed revolt in the Fall of [[1790]].
 +
* On '''February 23''' [[Jean Baptiste Chavannes]], who had fought in the American Revolution and later with Ogé, is executed after having been tortured.
 +
 
 +
==April==
 +
* Honoré Gabriel Riqueti de Mirabeau a co-founder of the anti-slavery society [[Société des Amis des Noirs]], dies in Paris on '''April 2'''.
  
 
==May==
 
==May==
* On '''May 15, 1791''', the French legislature passed racial reforms urged by [[Julien Raimond]], giving wealthy free-born men of color the right to vote in the colonies.
+
* On '''May 15''', the French legislature passed racial reforms urged by [[Julien Raimond]], giving wealthy free-born men of color ([[affranchis]]) the right to vote in the colonies.
  
 
==June==
 
==June==
* On '''June 8''' [[Henri Grégoire]], the influential member of the french abolitionist group [[Société des Amis des Noirs]], wrote a letter to the [[Letter to the Citizens of Color and Free Negroes of Saint-Domingue (1791)|Citizens of Color and Free Negroes of Saint-Domingue]].
+
* On '''June 8''' [[Henri Grégoire]], the influential member of the French abolitionist group [[Société des Amis des Noirs]], wrote a letter to the [[Letter to the Citizens of Color and Free Negroes of Saint-Domingue (1791)|Citizens of Color and Free Negroes of Saint-Domingue]].
  
 
==August==
 
==August==
* [[Dutty Boukman]] and [[Cécile Fatiman]] lead the [[Bois Caïman|vodou ceremony at Bois Caïman]] on '''August 14, 1791'''. This sparks the [[Boukman Rebellion]] and also marks the start of the Haitian Revolution.
+
* [[Dutty Boukman]] and [[Cécile Fatiman]] lead the [[Bois Caïman|vodou ceremony at Bois Caïman]] on '''August 14'''. This sparks the [[Boukman Rebellion]] and also marks the start of the Haitian Revolution.
  
 
==October==
 
==October==
* '''October 15, 191''' Toussaint has joiined the revolution and writes [[Toussaint letter to Biassou during Boukman Rebellion|this letter]] to [[Georges Biassou]].
+
* On '''October 15''' [[Toussaint Louverture]] has joined the revolution and writes [[Toussaint letter to Biassou during Boukman Rebellion|this letter]] to [[Georges Biassou]].
  
 
==November==
 
==November==
Line 22: Line 32:
  
  
 +
{{fnb|1}} In December of [[1802]], Villaret de Joyeuse commanded the fleet of ships sailing from the French port of Brest to re-establish slavery in Saint-Domingue. The Brest Fleet carried the bulk of the French forces under [[General Leclerc]]. [[Villaret de Joyeuse]] was also politically active and campaigned vehemently against the emancipation of [[slaves]].
 +
 +
 +
==References==
 +
* Wipedia contributors (2006). Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse. ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia''. Retrieved 15:31, April 21, 2006 [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Thomas_Villaret_de_Joyeuse&oldid=43807036].
  
 
[[Category:Dates of the Haitian Revolution]]
 
[[Category:Dates of the Haitian Revolution]]

Latest revision as of 19:47, 11 October 2007

1790 < 1791 > 1792


Affiches Americaines, Saint-Domingue
May 11, 1791 newspaper article mentioning four maroons.
Cap-Français (today Le Cap) in flames during the fighting of 1791).

1791 is the year of the vodou ceremonies at Bois Caïman and the start of the Boukman Rebellion. And Michel Etienne Descourtilz gives a French version of the events in the History of the Disasters in Saint-Domingue. It is in that year that many of the important figures of the Haitian Revolution join together and begin the fight for freedom from slavery.

In 1791 the French Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse 1, who had just been given the command of the frigate La Prudente, was sent on a mission to transport French troops to Saint-Domingue. Arriving shortly before the breakout of the Boukman Rebellion that launched the Haitian Revolution, he then helped governor Blanchelande to transport troops around the French colony.

In the summer of 1791 Romaine-la-Prophétesse starts his insurrection in in the plain of Léogâne it will ind in March of 1792.

February

  • The mulatto rebel Vincent Ogé was executed by the French on February 6 after a failed revolt in the Fall of 1790.
  • On February 23 Jean Baptiste Chavannes, who had fought in the American Revolution and later with Ogé, is executed after having been tortured.

April

May

  • On May 15, the French legislature passed racial reforms urged by Julien Raimond, giving wealthy free-born men of color (affranchis) the right to vote in the colonies.

June

August

October

November


Note 1: In December of 1802, Villaret de Joyeuse commanded the fleet of ships sailing from the French port of Brest to re-establish slavery in Saint-Domingue. The Brest Fleet carried the bulk of the French forces under General Leclerc. Villaret de Joyeuse was also politically active and campaigned vehemently against the emancipation of slaves.


References

  • Wipedia contributors (2006). Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:31, April 21, 2006 [1].