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Affiches Americaines, Saint-Domingue
May 11, 1791 newspaper article mentioning four maroons.
1791 is the year of the vodou ceremonies at Bois Caïman and the start of the Boukman Rebellion. And Michel Etienne Descourtilz gives a French version of the events in the History of the Disasters in Saint-Domingue.

In 1791 Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse 1 , who had just been given the command of the frigate La Prudente, was sent on a mission to transport French troops to Saint-Domingue. Arriving shortly before the breakout of the Boukman Rebellion that launched the Haitian Revolution, he then helped governor Blanchelande to transport troops around the French colony.


  • The mulatto rebel Vincent Ogé was executed by the French on February 6 after a failed revolt.


  • On May 15, the French legislature passed racial reforms urged by Julien Raimond, giving wealthy free-born men of color the right to vote in the colonies.





Note 1: In December of 1802, Villaret de Joyeuse commanded the fleet of ships sailing from the French port of Brest to re-establish slavery in Saint-Domingue. The Brest Fleet carried the bulk of the French forces under General Leclerc. Villaret de Joyeuse was also politically active and campaigned vehemently against the emancipation of slaves.