Difference between revisions of "1803"

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'''1803''' marks the year the Haitian troops finally prevail, and repel attempts by [[Napoléon Bonaparte]] to re-establish slavery in [[Saint-Domingue]].
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'''[[1802]] < 1803 > [[1804]]'''
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[[image:louisiana_purchase_map.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Map illustrating land acquired through the '''1803''' [[The Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase|Louisiana Purchase Treaty]] between France and the U.S. ''(shaded red)''.]] [[image:united_states_map_1803.jpg|lright|thumb|200px|Map of the United States prior to the Louisiana Purchase.]]'''1803''' marks the year the Haitian troops finally prevail, and repel attempts by [[Napoléon Bonaparte]] to re-establish slavery in [[Saint-Domingue]].
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In '''[[1802]]''' the French [[General Antoine Richepanse]] had re-instituted [[slavery]] in the Caribbean colony of Guadeloupe.These events were followed with terror in Saint-Domingue.
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'''1803''' is the year of death of Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the Haitian Revolution.
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In '''1803''' the French war to hold on to slavery turned to genocide. [[Genaral Rochambeau]]'s ''arrival at [[Jacmel]] was signalized by a horrible crime: by his orders, about 100 natives, who were only suspected of having little zeal for France, were thrown into the hold of a man-of-war'' <small>{{fn|1}}</small>'', the hatchways of which were tightly closed; the men were then suffocated by the fumes of the ignited sulphur, their corpses being afterward thrown into the sea.''" (Léger p. 130)
  
 
==February==
 
==February==
* '''February 2''' The poem [[To Toussaint Louverture - poem by Wordsworth|To Toussaint Louverture]] by Wordsworth is published in London.
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* '''February 2''' The poem ''[[To Toussaint Louverture - poem by Wordsworth|To Toussaint Louverture]]'' by Wordsworth is published in London.
  
 
==April==
 
==April==
* '''April 7'''  [[Toussaint Louverture]] dies in French captivity at [[Fort de Joux]].
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[[image:fort de joux.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Fort de Joux]][[image:t_louverture_death_cert.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Death certificate of Toussaint Louverture.]]
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* '''[[April 7]]'''  [[Toussaint Louverture]] dies in French captivity at [[Fort de Joux]].
 
* '''April 8''' Toussaint's [http://thelouvertureproject.org/wiki/index.php?title=The_Last_Days_Of_Toussaint_L%27Ouverture#Post-mortem_Examination_of_Toussaint_L.27Ouverture post-mortem examination] is carried out.
 
* '''April 8''' Toussaint's [http://thelouvertureproject.org/wiki/index.php?title=The_Last_Days_Of_Toussaint_L%27Ouverture#Post-mortem_Examination_of_Toussaint_L.27Ouverture post-mortem examination] is carried out.
* '''April 30''' [[The Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase|The Louisiana Purchase Treaty]] is signed.
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* '''April 12''' [[François Capois]] and and the Haitian revolutionaries under his command storm [[Port-de-Paix]] and soon after also gain [[La Tortue]] from the French. (Léger p. 140)
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[[image:US_2004_Louisiana_Purchase_nickel_reverse.jpg|right|thumb|200px|United States coin commemorating the bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase.]]
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* '''April 30''' [[The Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase|The Louisiana Purchase Treaty]] is signed. This treaty, giving up much of France's colonies in the Western Hemisphere, is directly related to the Haitian Revolution, as France put a tremendous amount of resources into fighting the troops of Jean-Jacques Dessalines in Saint-Domingue and therefore had to cut back in other regions.
  
 
==May==
 
==May==
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[[image:haitian_flag.gif|right|thumb|200px|The current [[Haitian Flag]], based on a design created at the '''Congress of Arcahaie''' in 1803.]]
 
* '''May 14''' The [[Congress of Arcahaie]] starts in the coastal town of [[Arcahaie]].
 
* '''May 14''' The [[Congress of Arcahaie]] starts in the coastal town of [[Arcahaie]].
 
* '''May 18''' The [[Flag of Haiti|Haitian Flag]] is created by [[Catherine Flon]].
 
* '''May 18''' The [[Flag of Haiti|Haitian Flag]] is created by [[Catherine Flon]].
  
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==June==
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[[image:Dessalines letter jefferson.jpg|right|thumb|200px|'''June 1803''' letter by [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines|Dessalines]] to [[Thomas Jefferson]].]]
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* On '''June 22''' the Haitian revolutionary [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines]] sends a [[:Image:Dessalines letter jefferson.jpg|letter to U. S. President Thomas Jefferson]].
 
==July==
 
==July==
* The Generals of the southern army form an alliance with [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines]] at Camp Gérard, near the town of [[Les Cayes]].
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* The Generals of the southern army form an alliance with [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines]] at Camp Gérard, near the town of [[Les Cayes]]
  
 
==October==
 
==October==
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==November==
 
==November==
 
* '''November 18''' The Haitian Revolutionaries led by Jean-Jacques Dessalines win the [[Battle of Vertières]] against the French troops commanded by [[Rochambeau]], who soon after concede defeat.
 
* '''November 18''' The Haitian Revolutionaries led by Jean-Jacques Dessalines win the [[Battle of Vertières]] against the French troops commanded by [[Rochambeau]], who soon after concede defeat.
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* '''November 19''' one day after the final battle of the Haitian Revolution, [[French Capitulation in Saint-Domingue (1803)|Rochambeau capitulates]].
 
* '''November 30''' [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines]] becomes the Governor General of [[Saint-Domingue]], he holds that post until the [[Declaration of Independence]] in [[1804]], when the French colony ceases to exist.
 
* '''November 30''' [[Jean-Jacques Dessalines]] becomes the Governor General of [[Saint-Domingue]], he holds that post until the [[Declaration of Independence]] in [[1804]], when the French colony ceases to exist.
  
 
==December==
 
==December==
 
* The last French troops leave Saint-Domingue.
 
* The last French troops leave Saint-Domingue.
* The Haitian [[Declaration of Independence]] is drafted into it's final version  
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* The Haitian [[Declaration of Independence]] is drafted into it's final version.
  
 
* [[January 1]], [[1804]] is chosen as the date to declare independence.
 
* [[January 1]], [[1804]] is chosen as the date to declare independence.
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{{fnb|1}} A ''man-of-war'' refers to an armed naval vessel.
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==References==
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* Antoine Richepanse. (2006, March 5). ''Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre''. [Accessed 18:20, March 15, 2006] [http://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Richepanse&oldid=5905117].
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*  Léger, Jacques Nicolas. ''Haiti Her History And Her Detractors''. (1907). The Neale Publishing Company. New York. [http://ia340938.us.archive.org/2/items/haitiherhistoryh00lguoft/haitiherhistoryh00lguoft_djvu.txt available online] - Accessed on August 15, 2007.
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==External links==
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* Wikimedia Commons: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:LouisianaPurchase.png Map of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803]
  
  
 
[[Category:Dates of the Haitian Revolution|1803]]
 
[[Category:Dates of the Haitian Revolution|1803]]

Latest revision as of 10:23, 20 April 2009

1802 < 1803 > 1804


Map illustrating land acquired through the 1803 Louisiana Purchase Treaty between France and the U.S. (shaded red).
Map of the United States prior to the Louisiana Purchase.
1803 marks the year the Haitian troops finally prevail, and repel attempts by Napoléon Bonaparte to re-establish slavery in Saint-Domingue.

In 1802 the French General Antoine Richepanse had re-instituted slavery in the Caribbean colony of Guadeloupe.These events were followed with terror in Saint-Domingue. 1803 is the year of death of Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the Haitian Revolution.

In 1803 the French war to hold on to slavery turned to genocide. Genaral Rochambeau's arrival at Jacmel was signalized by a horrible crime: by his orders, about 100 natives, who were only suspected of having little zeal for France, were thrown into the hold of a man-of-war 1, the hatchways of which were tightly closed; the men were then suffocated by the fumes of the ignited sulphur, their corpses being afterward thrown into the sea." (Léger p. 130)

February

April

Fort de Joux
Death certificate of Toussaint Louverture.
United States coin commemorating the bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • April 30 The Louisiana Purchase Treaty is signed. This treaty, giving up much of France's colonies in the Western Hemisphere, is directly related to the Haitian Revolution, as France put a tremendous amount of resources into fighting the troops of Jean-Jacques Dessalines in Saint-Domingue and therefore had to cut back in other regions.

May

The current Haitian Flag, based on a design created at the Congress of Arcahaie in 1803.

June

June 1803 letter by Dessalines to Thomas Jefferson.

July

October

November

December


Note 1: A man-of-war refers to an armed naval vessel.


References

  • Antoine Richepanse. (2006, March 5). Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. [Accessed 18:20, March 15, 2006] [1].
  • Léger, Jacques Nicolas. Haiti Her History And Her Detractors. (1907). The Neale Publishing Company. New York. available online - Accessed on August 15, 2007.

External links