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1805 < 1806 > 1807

Pont-Rouge, the site of Dessalines assassination.
In 1806, Fearful that the Haitian revolution might inspire enslaved Africans in other parts of the world to rebel, US Congress bans trade with Haiti joining French and Spanish boycotts. The embargos cripple Haiti's economy, already weakened by 12 years of civil war. The embargo will be renewed in 1807 and 1809. (International Action Center, 10/16/2003; Jean Saint-Vil, 11/2002) The embargo is accompanied by a threat of recolonization and re-enslavement if Haiti fails to compensate France for losses incurred when French plantation owners lost access to Haiti's slave labor. (Miami Herald, 12/18/2003; Boston, Globe, 1/4/2004; Boston Globe, 12/3/2003) (Center for Cooperative Research - Haiti Timeline).

In 1806 Juan López Cancelada publishes Vida de J.J. Dessalines, Gefe de los negroes de Santo Domingo in Mexico. It is a translation of a French book.


  • On March 12 the South American revolutionary Francisco de Miranda stayed in Jacmel, on the southern shore of Haiti, and designed the flag that later became the banner the liberation army led by Simón Bolívar. He then hoisted the flag on the Corvette Leander in the Bay of Jacmel. This day is celebrated in Venezuela as Flag Day.