Commentary on Session II: Saint-Domingue on the Eve of Revolution: The Free People of Color
Landers, Jane, Vanderbilt University. "Commentary on Session II: Saint-Domingue on the Eve of Revolution: The Free People of Color." The Haitian Revolution: Viewed 200 Years After, an International Scholarly Conference. John Carter Brown Library, Providence, RI. June 18, 2004.
Following are rough notes of Landers' commentary, taken by Stuart Maxwell on June 18, 2004.
Landers was responding to the following speeches:
- Saint-Domingue's Free People of Color and the Tools of Revolution by Garrigus
- Free People of Color in the Northern Province of Saint-Domingue by King
- On the Road to Citizenship: The Complex Paths toward the Integration of Free People of Colour in the Two Capitals of Saint-Domingue by Rogers
- Slaves bore the mark of slavery on their foreheads.
- French and Spanish Bourbons created military units of free blacks.
- The trouble-stirrers in the colony may have been the New French, who were competing with the Free People of Color for jobs, etc.
- In the late 17th Century in Cuba (& Mexico), slaves included Muslims, Indians, white Spanish criminals sentenced to lives of slavery, etc. Slavery was only "racialized" later.