Catherine Flon on ten gourdes note, sewing the flag
The Flag of the Republic of Haiti
in it's current form was adopted on February 17, 1986. The first red and blue flag was sewn by Catherine Flon
on May 18
, during the Congress of Arcahaie
, under instructions of Jean-Jacques Dessalines
. Dessalines is said to have asked to remove the white of the French flag, which led to the red and blue design. The coat of arms in the center carries the words: "L'Union fait la force" (transl. unity makes strong
). Initially the flag had the inscription: Liberté ou la Mort
(transl. Liberty or Death
Design of the Flag
The Haitian flag consists of two equal horizontal bands, the blue on top and the bottom red. Centered is a white rectangle that bears Haiti’s coat of arms, which consists of a palm tree in the center flanked by two cannons underscored by the motto “L’UNION FAIT LA FORCE” (Union Makes Strength).
- Chin, Pat; Dunkel, Greg; Flounders, Sarah, and Ives, Kim, comp. and ed. (2004). Haiti: A Slave Revolution: 200 Years After 1804. New York: International Action Center. ISBN 097475210X.