Flag of Haiti
Haiti in it's current form was adopted on February 17, 1986. The first red and blue flag was sewn by Catherine Flon on May 18, 1803, during the Congress of Arcahaie, under instructions of Jean-Jacques Dessalines. Dessalines is said to have asked to remove the white of the French flag, which led to the red and blue design. The coat of arms in the center carries the words: "L'Union fait la force" (transl. unity makes strong). Initially the flag had the inscription: 'Liberté ou la Mort' (transl. 'Liberty or Death').
- Chin, Pat; Dunkel, Greg; Flounders, Sarah, and Ives, Kim, comp. and ed. (2004). Haiti: A Slave Revolution: 200 Years After 1804. New York: International Action Center. ISBN 097475210X.