Free People of Color in the Northern Province of Saint-Domingue

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King, Stewart R., Mt. Angel Seminary (Oregon). "Free People of Color in the Northern Province of Saint-Domingue." The Haitian Revolution: Viewed 200 Years After, an International Scholarly Conference. John Carter Brown Library, Providence, RI. June 18, 2004.


Following are rough notes of Stewart's speech, taken by Stuart Maxwell on June 18, 2004.

King is author of Blue Coat or Powdered Wig (ISBN 0820322334)

  • Saint Domingue is really three distinct colonies - North, South, and West.
  • Free people of color led the revolution.
  • Cap Français, as many 18th Century cities, was not a healthy place, so many young children actually lived with relatives in the country.

In response to a question:

  • With higher wealth and class, there was more pressure for integration. These people had family ties which encouraged integration.