Kreyòl: Gonayiv) is a coastal city in northern Haiti, located 150 km (93 miles) Northwest of Port-au-Prince. It is the capital of the Artibonite department. Gonaïves is also known as Haiti's City of Independence because it was there that Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared Haiti, the former Saint-Domingue, independent from France on January 1, 1804 by reading the Act of Independence, drafted by Boisrond Tonnerre, on the Place d'Armes of the town.
The Gulf of Gonaïves is named after the town.
In September of 2004, Hurricane Jeanne caused flooding and mudslides in the city and the surrounding area. Over 3,000 people died as the result of the hurricane.
- Toussaint Louverture letter to Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Letter by Toussaint Louverture from Gonaïves (February 8, 1802), Toussaint's headquarters at that time.
- Gonaïves. The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, edited by Saul B. Cohen. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. . [accessed March 11, 2006].