From TLP
Revision as of 19:30, 6 July 2006 by Doe (talk | contribs) (added category)

Jump to: navigation, search
Railway in Gonaïves.
Gonaïves (Kreyòl: Gonayiv) is a coastal city in northern Haiti, located 150 km (93 miles) Northwest of Port-au-Prince. It is the capital of the Artibonite department. Gonaïves is also known as Haiti's City of Independence because it was there that Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared Haiti, the former Saint-Domingue, independent from France on January 1, 1804 by reading the Act of Independence, drafted by Boisrond Tonnerre, on the Place d'Armes of the town.

Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité, the wife of Jean-Jacques Dessalines died here in August of 1858. In September of 1892 José Martí, a leader of the Cuban independence movement and a poet and writer, visits the town.

The Gulf of Gonaïves is named after the town.

In September of 2004, Hurricane Jeanne caused flooding and mudslides in the city and the surrounding area. Over 3,000 people died as the result of the hurricane.

See also


  • Gonaïves. The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, edited by Saul B. Cohen. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. [1]. [accessed March 11, 2006].