The name Haiti derives from the Arawak language of the native Taíno and means land of the mountains. This is the name chosen by Jean-Jacques Dessalines after the victory over the French colonizers in 1803. Pronounciation of Haiti: /ˈheɪtiː/; French: Haïti, pronounced: [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti.
- 1 Currency
- 2 Flag of the Republic of Haiti
- 3 Haitian Holidays
- 4 Independence
- 5 Geography
- 6 Departments of Haiti
- 7 List of towns in Haiti
- 8 Maritime claims
- 9 National anthem
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External Links
- 13 Webpages in Kreyòl
1 Gourde = 100 Centimes.
1 Haitian Dollar = 5 Gourdes (this unit does not exist as paper note).
Flag of the Republic of Haiti
See: Flag of Haiti
Official Haitian holidays - (on the same ame date every year):
Haiti became independent on January 1, 1804, the date on which Jean-Jacques Dessalines read the Haitian Declaration of Independence, on the Place des Armes in Gonaives.
It was drafted by Boisrond Tonnerre.
GeographyHispaniola, west of the Dominican Republic and between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Haiti's geographic coordinates are at a longitude of 72° 25′ west and a latitude of 19° 00′ north. The total area is 27,750km² (10,711 sq miles) of which 27,560km² (10,638 sq miles) is land and 190km² (73 sq miles) is water. This makes Haiti slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland.
Haiti has 1,771km (1,100 miles) of coastline and a 360km (224 miles)-border with the Dominican Republic.
Haïti is the French spelling of the Taino name Ayiti (transl. Land of the Mountains).
Haiti's lowest elevation is at sea level; its highest point is Chaine de la Selle at 2,680m (8793 ft). There are no navigable rivers.
Lake Étang Saumâtre
Lake Étang Saumâtre, Haiti's largest salt-water lake, is located at coor 18°35′N 72°00′W in southeastern Haiti, bordering the Dominican Republic. The lake has an area of around 168 km² (65 square miles) and is 29 km (18 miles) east of Port-au-Prince on the fertile Plaine du Cul-de-Sac. Some 29km (18 miles) long and up to 9.7km (6 miles) wide, the lake supports over 100 species of waterfowl, flamingos and American crocodiles. The colour of the lake is an intense shade of blue and this picturesque lake is skirted by brush and cacti.
Departments of HaitiKreyòl: depatman; French: départements):
- Nippes (created 2003, from eastern part of Grand'Anse)
There's also what is commonly called the 10th Department, which stands for the over two million Haitians living outside the country. The term was coined during Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's term in office (At the time Haiti itself had just nine departements, hence ten for the numbering).This group of Haitians is regarded as vital for the economic and political future of the nation,
List of towns in Haiti
|Towns in Haitii|
|12.||Petite Rivière de Artibonite||Artibonite|
- Contiguous zone: 24 nm
- Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
- Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
- Territorial sea: 12 nm
Note 1: A Taíno name for Hispaniola, still used in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, is Quisqueya (Kreyòl: Kiskeya) meaning: 'the cradle of life'. This name is preferred by many, since Hispaniola is the name given by the colonizers that nearly destroyed the native people and their culture and also established the slavery on the island.
- Category:Banknotes and Stamps
- Category:Haitian Constitutions
- Category:Haitian towns
- Category:Haiti and the U.S.
- Declaration of Independence - Text of the 1804 proclamation, making Haiti the second republic in the Western Hemisphere.
- Greater Antilles - the islands South of the United States including Haiti
- Caribbean Sea - The sea south of Haiti.
- Hispaniola - The island on which Haiti is situated (Also, and more correctly, named Quisqueya or Kiskeya)
- Maps - Of Haiti, Saint-Domingue and related areas.
- Hispaniola topography - Topography of the entire island.
- List of Websites - Websites related to Haiti and Haitian history.
- Lecture on Haiti by Frederick Douglass - 1893 speech given at the Chicago World Fair.
- Monroe Doctrine - U.S. policies in the Americas laid out by President Monroe in 1823.
- Departments of Haiti. (2005, November 26). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:35, December 4, 2005 .
- "Saumâtre, Étang." The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. Columbia University Press: 2000. 
- Autorité Aéroportuaire Nationale - AAN - Haitian Airport Authority, information on air travel to and in Haiti in French and English.
- Bureau des Mines et de l’Energie (BME) - Bureau of Mines and Energie - Public Works Ministry (French text)