Difference between revisions of "Haitian Creole"

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* Marylin Mason: [http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/mit2haiti/Index4.html Creole Links Page]
 
* Marylin Mason: [http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/mit2haiti/Index4.html Creole Links Page]
  
==Online Kreyol Courses==
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===Online Kreyol Courses===
 
*[http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/13/b1/d0.pdf Ann pale kreyòl (Let's speak creole)] - An introductory course in Haitian Creole - pdf document/264 pages.
 
*[http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/13/b1/d0.pdf Ann pale kreyòl (Let's speak creole)] - An introductory course in Haitian Creole - pdf document/264 pages.
  
  
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]

Revision as of 20:49, 5 September 2009

Haitian Creole (Kreyòl ayisyen also increasingly just Haitian; French: Créole haïtien) is a creole language based on French and is considered one of the 11 romance languages. It is spoken in Haiti by about 8 million people, which is nearly the whole population. Via immigration, several hundred thousand speakers live in other countries, including Canada, the United States and France, as well as in many Caribbean nations, especially the Dominican Republic and the Bahamas.

There are linguistic influences from several West African languages, namely from Wolof, and some Gbe languages, notably Fon and Ewe/Anlo-Ewe. There are two dialects: Fablas and Plateau Haitian Creole.

Since 1991, Haitian Creole has been recognized as an official language in Haiti; through legislation introduced under Haitian president Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

In the Caribbean, forms of French based Creole are widely spoken in Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica and St. Lucia. It's also spoken in French Guyana in South America, and on the islands of Réunion and the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean.

Development

Haitian Creole developed in Saint-Domingue as the slaves from Africa - who themselves spoke many different languages - and the French colonialists had no common means of communication. Official documents by Sonthonax, during the period of the Haitian Revolution are among the first written examples of this language.

Numbers

  • zero - 0
  • yonn, en - 1
  • de, dez - 2
  • twa - 3
  • kat, katr - 4
  • senk - 5
  • sis - 6
  • sèt - 7
  • uit, ywit - 8
  • nèf - 9
  • dis - 10
  • onz - 11
  • douz - 12
  • trèz - 13
  • katòz - 14
  • kenz - 15
  • sèz - 16
  • disèt - 17
  • dizwit - 18
  • diznèf - 19
  • ven, vent - 20
  • venteyen, vent-yonn - 21
  • vennde, vent-dez - 22
  • venntwa, vent-twa - 23
  • ...etc.
  • trant - 30
  • tranteyen, trant-yonn - 31
  • trannde - 32
  • tranntwa - 33
  • ...etc.
  • karant - 40
  • karanteyen, karant-yonn - 41
  • karannde - 42
  • karanntwa - 43
  • ...etc.
  • senkant - 50
  • swasant - 60
  • swasenndis - 70
  • swasenteyonz- 71
  • swasenndouz- 72
  • swasenntrèz- 73
  • ...etc.
  • katreven, katrevent - 80
  • katrevendis, katreven-dis- 90
  • katrevenonz, katreven-onz- 91
  • katrevendouz- 92
  • katreventrèz- 93
  • ...etc.
  • san - 100
  • san en, san yonn - 101
  • san dis - 110
  • de san, dez san - 200
  • de san ven - 220
  • twa san - 300
  • kat san - 400
  • senk san - 500
  • si san - 600
  • sèt san - 700
  • ui(t) san - 800
  • nèf san - 900
  • nèf san katrevendisèt - 997
  • nèf san katrevendizuit - 998
  • nèf san katrevendiznèf - 999
  • mil - 1000
  • de mil - 2000
  • senk mil - 5000
  • di mil - 10 000
  • san mil - 100 000
  • 1 milyon - 1 000 000, 1 million
  • 1 bilyon - 1 000 000 000, 1 billion

See also

References

  • Haitian Creole language. (2005, November 23). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:12, December 7, 2005 [1].

External links

Online Kreyol Courses