Freed by the time he joined the rebel army, Christophe had been a slave, "a waiter in a public hotel at Cap Français, where he made use of his opportunities to gain a knowledge of men and of the world." (James, p. 19)
He was illiterate, but learned to speak English and French fluently and was an effective ruler. (James, p. 257)
When Leclerc's expedition arrived to retake Saint-Domingue, it was Christophe who warned the French general not to land his men on the island, threatening to burn Le Cap to the ground and to fight on the ashes. (Korngold p. 255)
Play by Aimé Césaire
In 1963 the acclaimed Martinican poet, playwright, and politician Aimé Césaire (1913 - 2008), who had been in Haiti as a cultural ambassador, wrote the play La tragédie du roi Christophe (Engl.: The Tragedy of King Christophe).
- * Tobias Lear letter to James Madison - 1801 letter in which the U.S. Consul in Saint-Domingue reports on a meeting in which Christophe participated.
- Leclerc Saint-Domingue proclamation (1802) - The French General Leclerc, sent to re-establish slavery, outlaws Henri Christophe.
- Act of Independence - this document was signed by Christophe.
- Citadelle Laferrière - Massive stone fortress south of Le Cap. Construction began in 1805 under the direction of Christophe.
- Césaire, Aimé. (1969). The tragedy of King Christophe, New York: Grove
- James, C.L.R. (1989). The Black Jacobins. Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. (2nd Ed., Revised) New York: Vintage Press. ISBN 0-679-72467-2.
- Korngold, Ralph (1944). Citizen Toussaint. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. LCCN 44007566.