Île de la Tortue
Pirates active in the Caribbean Sea, started using the island as a base around 1600. In 1802, two years before the final victory of the Haitian revolution, many French fled to the island to escape the conflict and a yellow fever epidemic.
Together with Ille de la Gonave, La Tortue belongs to Haiti's main offshore territories, it is seperated from mainland Haiti by the Canal de la Tortue.
- Tortuga. The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, edited by Saul B. Cohen. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.  [accessed May 15, 2006].