Jean-Jacques Dessalines

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Jean Jacques Dessalines (1758 - 1806) fought with Toussaint Louverture against the British and French. After turning against Toussaint and joining Leclerc, Dessalines would eventually become the leader of the revolution. Dessalines declared Saint-Domingue's independence on January 1, 1804, and became the Black Republic's first leader.

"A handsome, 'red-skinned' Negro from Senegal, fearless in the field and unscrupulous off it." (Parkinson, p. 67)