Simón Bolívar

From TLP
Revision as of 05:09, 17 November 2005 by (talk) (added place of death)

Jump to: navigation, search
Simón Bolivar
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios (July 24, 1783 Caracas, Venezuela – December 17, 1830 Santa Marta, Colombia) South American liberator. Bolivar traveled on December 24, 1815 to Haiti, arriving in the coastal town of Aux Cayes on his way from Jamaica were he was expelled.

Simón Bolivar received help from the Haitian goverment under Alexandre Pétion for his military campaigns. Pétion secretly supplied Bolivar with 4,000 muskets, 15,000 pounds of powder, flints, lead and a printing press and asked in return for South America's slaves to be freed. (Heinl p. 158). Bolivar left Haiti on April 10, 1816 for Venezuela, but returned in mid September of that year to Les Cayes after lost battles in South America. Resupplied by Pétion he sailed again from Haiti on December 28, 1816, this time to successfully conclude his struggle for South American liberation from colonialism .

Despite the crucial logistical support from Haiti, Bolivar never recognized the independence of the former French colony Saint-Domingue.


  • Heinl, Robert Debs, Jr; Heinl, Nancy Gordon; & Heinl, Michael (Rev. & Exp) (1996). Written In Blood: The Story of the Haitian People, 1492–1995 (Revised edition). Lanham, MD: University Press of America. ISBN 0-7618-0230-4.