To Toussaint Louverture - poem by Wordsworth
Mary Persyn, in her article The Sublime Turn Away from Empire, makes the argument that the Haitian Revolution - and Toussaint Louverture's role in it - heavily influenced Wordsworth during his early years. (Persyn)
TO TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTURE
TOUSSAINT, the most unhappy of men! 1
Note 1: In his autobiographical text Memoir of Toussaint Louverture, Written by Himself, Toussaint Louverture writes: "...I am made the most unhappy of men; my liberty is taken from me..." (Beard p. 325)
- Toussaint Louverture related pages at The Louverture Project
- The Last Days Of Toussaint L'Ouverture - account of a 1859 visit to Fort de Joux. Includes: Post-mortem Examination of Toussaint L'Ouverture.
- Theater review: The Lion in Captivity - play dealing with Toussaint Louverture's harsh imprisonment at Fort de Joux.
- An Historical Account of the Black Empire of Hayti - excerpts portraying Toussaint Louverture.
- The History and Present Condition of St. Domingo (1837) - Excerpt of 1837 book about Toussaint Louverture and his contemporaries in the Haitian Revolution.
- Fort de Joux - French prison in which Toussaint Louverture died.
- Letter by the French Minister of the Marine to the Commandant at Fort de Joux - 1802 letter specifying the conditions under which Toussaint should be held captive.
- Toussaint letter to Napoléon from Fort de Joux - 1802 letter from Toussaint's cell at Fort de Joux.
- Beard, J. R. (John Relly) (1863). Toussaint L'Ouverture: A Biography and Autobiography. Chapel Hill, NC: Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH. Online Publication
- Dietrich H. Fischer: William Wordsworth (1770 - 1850) A Selection - English and German [Date of access: November 9, 2005].
- Persyn, Mary. (2002) The Sublime Turn Away from Empire: Wordsworth's Encounter with Colonial Slavery, 1802. RON - Romanticism on the Net. Montréal: Université de Montréal. (electronic version) ISSN : 1467-1255 [Date of access: November 9, 2005].
- Wikipedia contributors (2006). William Wordsworth. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 05:25, February 20, 2006 .
- Wordsworth, William. (1888). The Complete Poetical Works. London: Macmillan and Co.. Online text: Bartleby.com, 1999. . [Date of access: November 9, 2005].