Toussaint Louverture

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Toussaint Louverture (aka François Dominique Toussaint Louverture and Toussaint Bréda; Kreyòl: Tousen Louveti) (May 20?, 1743 Haut-du-Cap, Saint-DomingueApril 7, 1803 Fort de Joux, France)



See Also


  • Dubois, Laurent. (2004). Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01304-2.
  • Marcus Rainsford, (1805), An Historical Account of the Black Empire of Hayti: Comprehending a View of the Principal Transactions in the Revolution of Saint-Domingo; with its Ancient and Modern State, London.
  • Geggus, David Patrick (2002). Haitian Revolutionary Studies (Blacks in the Diaspora). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34104-3.
  • James, C.L.R. (1989). The Black Jacobins. Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. (2nd Ed., Revised) New York: Vintage Press. ISBN 0-679-72467-2.
  • Korngold, Ralph (1944). Citizen Toussaint. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. LCCN 44007566.
  • Parkinson, Wenda (1978). This Gilded African. London: Quartet Books. ISBN 0-7043-2187-4
  • Schoelcher, Victor (1889). Vie de Toussaint Louverture. Paris: Paul Ollendorf. (Available online: Google books) 1882 reprint: Karthala. Paris ISBN 2-86537-043-7
  • Coopération interuniversitaire Haïti-Grenoble-Chambéry: Toussaint Louverture 1743 - 1803 (French online biographical text)
  • Toussaint L'Ouverture. (2005, November 30). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:10, December 5, 2005 [1].
  • Du Bois, W.E.B. (1999). The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America,1638-1870. (paper) Mineola, NY.: Dover Publications. ISBN 0486409104.
  • Wells Brown, William (1863). The Black Man, His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements. Chapel Hill, NC: Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH. Online Publication

External links