Alexandre Pétion

From TLP
Revision as of 06:50, 28 October 2007 by DelleToelt (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

emma dumas get com toyota rav 4 rm beverly hills theme rom track rtl philips vr550 asus a4l gargield numero cleanup royaltek rbt2001 los pasteles verdes map lcd 7 Bisceglie live sony 42 wega url nokia hds 3 marron five she will love Video bulma xxx adventure pokemon bbb ili cavo proel nike sneakers highstreet ray ban webcam nortek 300 syncback hard movie fiera primavera gasca ebony girls modem ethernet adsl wintv pvr 1300 baebecue ljubim te oakley montoya carla raid hot swap asrock fsb 400 url iran maiden blak eye peace knocking on heavens door cd r 100 zeus ch desafio moda anni 60 in culo tv 29 100 hz playmen 2004 profumi cinema athlon 3700 939 index legend of zelda eroina farmaco sony hd lacie 500 gb seleco flex kucho feat url dental health robe laser print 2000 srl tango sakamoto geoogle minden nap varj inta hamingway video recorder toshiba chat room mx 510 k700 film in dvx horrr alhoa epson stylus dx 3850 Cum shot movie eindhoven epson c1100 scarpe goes lcd 8 negozi hi fi mantova vai a fanculo how home saturn 3 big is your gor just fo r yuo crop circles nhl rock the rink btvs duck lowepro nova 4 aw helmut lang calzature uomo griffin airclick chamois v70 blu

Portrait of Alexandré Petion
Alexandre Sabès called Pétion (April 2, 1770 – March 29, 1818 Haiti) - the Haitian affranchis was President of the Republic of Haiti from 1806 until his death in 1818. He adopted the name Pétion in honor of Pétion de Villeneuve, who was a member of the Société des Amis des Noirs.

Pétion - the first President of the Republic of Haiti

Pétion was born in Port-au-Prince to a black mother and a French father, Pascal Sabès. He was sent to France in 1788 to study at the Military Academy in Paris. He returned to take part in the expulsion of the British (1798–99). His mulatto heritage meant that when tensions arose between blacks and mulattoes he supported the mulatto faction.

Pétion was one of the signers of the Haitian Declaration of Independence.

The War of Knives

He allied with General André Rigaud and Jean Pierre Boyer against Toussaint Louverture in the failed rebellion, the so-called War of Knives, which began in June 1799. By November the rebels were pushed back to the strategic southern port of Jacmel, the defense was commanded by Pétion. The town fell in March 1800 and the rebellion was effectively over. Pétion and other mulatto leaders went into exile in France.

The Fight against Napoléon's troops

He returned in February 1802 with Boyer, Rigaud and the 12,000 strong French army commanded by French General Leclerc, sent by Napoléon Bonaparte to re-establish slavery. Following the treacherous treatment of Toussaint and the renewed struggle he joined the nationalist force in October 1802 following a secret conference at Arcahaie and supported Jean-Jacques Dessalines, the general who had captured Jacmel. The capital was taken on October 17, 1803 and independence was declared on January 1, 1804. Dessalines was made ruler for life and had himself crowned emperor on October 6, 1804.

Following the assassination of Dessalines at Pont-Rouge (formerly Pont-Larnage) on October 17, 1806, Pétion championed democracy and clashed with Henri Christophe. Christophe was offered a democratic presidency, but this failed. The country divided between them and the tensons between the blacks and mulattoes were reignited. After the inconclusive struggle dragged on until 1810 a peace was agreed and the country was split in two. While Christophe made himself king, Pétion had himself elected President of the southern part of Haiti in 1806. Initially a supporter of democracy he found the constraints imposed on him by the senate onorous and suspended the legislature in 1818. In 1816 he turned his post into President for Life.

He was active in seizing the commercial plantations and divided the land thus gained amongst his supporters and the peasantry, earning himself the nickname Papa Bon-Kè ("good-hearted daddy"). The land grab dealt a serious blow to the economy of the country and most of the population did little more than subsistence farming. He started the Lycée Pétion in Port-au-Prince.

Jean-Pierre Boyer was made the successor of Pétion and took control following the death of Pétion through yellow fever in 1818.

Support for Simón Bolivar

Pétion supplied Simón Bolivar for his ultimately successful campaign against colonialism in South America and gave him sanctuary in 1818 after Bolivar arrived in Les Cayes.

See also


  • Alexandre Pétion. (2005, November 1). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16:23, December 9, 2005 [1].