In 1502 he Spanish Governor Nicolas de Ovando ordered the arrest of Anacaona, who was captured by deceit, similarily to Toussaint Louverture about 300 years later and then executed by hanging in the town of Santo Domingo in the year 1503. The survivors of the 1502 massacre at the court of Anacaona, during which she was captured, fled to the island of La Gonâve. (Arawak: Guanabo or Guanarana).
Anacaona is celebrated as one of the heroes of Haiti's struggle against colonialism and one of the many women in the fight that ultimately led to the successful Haitian Revolution and the Act of Independence in 1804.
Book by Edwidge Danticat
The Haitian writer Edwidge Danticat has written a book of fiction - aimed at younger readers - detailing the arrival of the Spanish in the Caribbean Sea from the view of the native Taíno.
- Danticat, Edwidge. (2005) Anacaona: Golden Flower, Haiti, 1490 (The Royal Diaries). New York: Scholastic Inc.. ISBN 0439499062