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French troops battle near Léogâne.
Léogâne (also Léogane; sometimes Leoganne) is a coastal town in the Department Ouest (West) in the South of Haiti (18°30′39″N, 72°38′2″W). The port town is located about 29 km (18 miles) West of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. Léogâne is the birthplace of the Taíno queen Anacaona (the town was then named Yaguana) and of Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité, the wife of the Haitian revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1758).

Jean-Jacques Dessalines had Léogâne burned in early 1803, to avoid having to hand the town over to the French troops. (Southey)

Charlemagne Péralte

Charlemagne Massena Péralte, the leader of the Haitian resistance to the U.S. occupation that had started in 1915, had been a military officer stationed in Léogâne.
He resigned from the military, refusing to surrender to the U.S. troops without a fight. Afterwards he returned to his native town of Hinche and began leading the Cacos against the occupation forces.

See also


  • Leogane. The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, edited by Saul B. Cohen. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. www.bartleby.com. [Accessed on 6/21/2006].
  • Southey, Thomas. Chronological History of the West Indies. (1827) London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, & Green.