The Haitian Revolution at Sea
Scott, Julius, University of Michigan. "The Haitian Revolution at Sea." The Haitian Revolution: Viewed 200 Years After, an International Scholarly Conference. John Carter Brown Library, Providence, RI. June 19, 2004.
Following are rough notes of de Scott's presentation, taken by Stuart Maxwell on June 19, 2004.
- Many vessels (in late 18th century) adopt the name "Vengeance." The word, in fact, is almost a watchword for the fights of the 18th century.
- Vengeance, Vangeur(?), Liberte - The fact that these vessels were named with these watchwords and were circulating the Atlantic and Caribbean is significant.
- The presence of black crews on privateers and their conversations in port prompted and aided the flight of slaves to the vessels.
- Saint-Domingue's exertions at sea were quashed. However Toussaint started to explore the possiblity of violating the prohibition against Saint-Domingue's development of maritime capability. The lack of sea power weakened Toussaint.
- Historia y Arqueologia Marítima: Armada de Haití - sus buques e historia - Images and information about various Haitian ships of war. [Spanish text]